In particular, he drew the attention of the House Foreign Affairs Committee, whose members have written to Secretary of State Mike Pompeo to inquire about Sino-Saudi cooperation and whether the United States will continue to push Saudi Arabia to conclude stricter agreements within the IAEA. The Trump administration has not publicly committed to requiring the “gold standard” requirement to strike a deal with Saudi Arabia over its nuclear program. In 2006, Congress passed the Henry J. Hyde United States-India Peaceful Atomic Energy Cooperation Act, which amended the AEA to allow nuclear cooperation with India, a country that is not a member of the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT) and does not have comprehensive security measures. Hyde`s addition has been criticized for undermining international efforts to combat U.S. proliferation. The 123-year agreement with 40-year-old India entered into force in December 2008. Congress has shown partisan support for promoting gold standard rules and a more active role for Congress in overseeing both the ongoing negotiations with Saudi Arabia in particular and the broader 123 agreement. Members of Congress have expressed concern about reports of a potential conflict of interest by senior government officials during the negotiation of a civilian nuclear cooperation agreement between the United States and Saudi Arabia and the secrecy surrounding the ongoing negotiations, and recently granted authorizations from the Trump administration claiming that they had not been properly assessed in accordance with nuclear law. A 123-year agreement alone does not allow countries to enrich or process nuclear material purchased by the United States, and authorization to do so requires another negotiated agreement. A debate is under way within the Non-Proliferation Community on the “gold standard”, designated following the agreement between the United States and the United Arab Emirates (UNITED ARAB EMIRATES) signed in 2009, in which the United Arab Emirates voluntarily renounced the continuation of enrichment and reprocessing technologies (RES). The UAE`s agreement stands in stark contrast to the “general consent” granted to India, Japan and Euratom, which have the authorization of the US NR.
Most critically, the bill has the potential to upset the existing standard for congressional passage of 123 agreements. If the cooperating nation has shown any propensity to collect covert nuclear ambitions, the bill would require Congress to pass a joint resolution confirming the agreement for its entry into force. . . .